Cannabis oil is a concentrated extract obtained by extraction of the dried flowers of the cannabis plant (cannabis flos). It is not actually an oil, but derives its name from its sticky and oily appearance. The purpose of producing cannabis oil is to make cannabinoids and other beneficial components, such as terpenes, available in a highly concentrated form.
Medicinal cannabis oil extracted from Bedrocan’s standardised products is currently available in the Netherlands and several other countries. It is extracted by pharmacies or pharmaceutical companies using GMP-certified production methods. Pharmaceutical companies producing oils are subject to a pharmaceutical production licence for controlled drugs, issued by government regulators.
Bedrocan does not produce nor sell oil. For Netherlands, please go to our contact page for an overview of Dutch compounding pharmacists.
The pharmacist prepares medicinal cannabis oil at the Transvaal Pharmacy, the Netherlands
The preparation of cannabis oil or cannabis concentrates at home, or the use of unregulated cannabis oils or concentrates is not advised.
Home or unregulated production can pose risks to patients who consume them. The exact composition of different available oils is frequently unknown. They are not checked for quality by external certified laboratories for the presence of residual solvents, or contaminants such as microbes, pesticides, heavy metals or mycotoxins. The lack of standardisation of both the cannabis starting material and oils makes it impossible to fully evaluate their therapeutic effects over time and, hence, their medicinal value.
Consequently, there is a significant need to standardise and control cannabis extracts and to regulate their distribution as potential medicinal products.
In recent years, a large, unregulated market for CBD (cannabidiol) oils has emerged. These products are typically concentrated extracts from fiber-type cannabis strains (hemp), which contain large concentrations of CBD, but negligible of THC.
In most countries it is forbidden to create oil from cannabis, because cannabis is a controlled substance . However, CBD, unlike THC, is not a controlled drug, and regulations are minimal by comparison in many places around the world. This has led to the appearance of numerous CBD-rich extracts on the international market. Most of these extracts contain low levels of CBD and high levels of CBD-acid, the natural constituent of the fresh cannabis plant before it is heated.