Cannabis oils or concentrated extracts are obtained by the extraction of cannabinoids from the dried flowers (cannabis flos) of the cannabis plant. The purpose of producing cannabis oil is to make cannabinoids and other components (i.e. terpenes), available in a highly concentrated form.
Oils are typically prepared for oral sublingual administration. They have become increasingly popular in recent years. This is because they are easy to use, compared to inhalation by vaporization. Prescribers and pharmacists are more familiar with oral dosing, which also promotes their use.
Medicinal cannabis oil extracted from Bedrocan’s standardised flos is currently available in the Netherlands and several other countries. It is extracted by pharmacies (as magistral preparations) or pharmaceutical companies using GMP-certified production methods.
Bedrocan does not produce nor sell oil for oral sublingual dosing. Please refer to our contact page for an overview of Dutch compounding pharmacists.
The pharmacist prepares medicinal cannabis oil at the Transvaal Pharmacy, the Netherlands
The preparation of cannabis oil or cannabis concentrates at home, or the use of unregulated cannabis oils or concentrates is not advised.
Home or unregulated production can pose risks to patients who consume them. The exact composition of different available oils is frequently unknown. They are not checked for quality by external certified laboratories for the presence of residual solvents, or contaminants such as microbes, pesticides, heavy metals or mycotoxins. The lack of standardisation of both the cannabis starting material and oils makes it impossible to fully evaluate their therapeutic effects over time and, hence, their medicinal value.
Consequently, there is a significant need to standardise and control cannabis extracts and to regulate their distribution as potential medicinal products.
In recent years, a large, unregulated market for CBD (cannabidiol) oils has emerged. These products are typically derived from fibre-type cannabis strains (hemp), which contain large concentrations of CBD, but negligible of THC.
In most countries it is forbidden to create concentrates from cannabis, because cannabis is a controlled substance .. Nonetheless, the appearance of numerous CBD-rich extracts have appeared on the global market.
For more information on CBD oil, see our article The problem with CBD oil.
Bedrolite CBD oil cost between 50 (2% CBD) and 150 euros (10% CBD) per 10ml bottle. The Transvaal Pharmacy (The Hague) and MYCB1 Pharmacy (Amsterdam) prepare magisterial CBD oil from the medicinal cannabis plant Bedrolite. Bedrolite oil is only available with a doctor’s prescription. These prices do not include any shipping costs.
On our Dutch contact page you will find the contact details of the above Dutch pharmacies.
In the Netherlands, the prices for CBD oil vary between 19.95 and 150 euros for a bottle of 10ml. The price depends on the concentration of CBD and the cannabis used as raw material. As a result, the effect can also be different for each oil. There are three pharmacies in the Netherlands that prepare CBD oil according to pharmaceutical guidelines (GMP). This oil meets the highest requirements, has a constant composition and is guaranteed to contain no THC.
CBD oil from Clinical Cannabis Care is also available without a doctor’s prescription and can be ordered online. The higher the concentration of CBD, the higher the price:
- 10ml 2% CBD – €19.95
- 10ml 5% CBD – €25.95
- 10ml 10% CBD – €44.95
The above amounts include VAT.
CBD oil contains cannabidiol as active ingredient, a component from the cannabis plant. CBD is a non-psychoactive substance, which does not give you a ‘high’ feeling.
You should preferably buy CBD oil from the pharmacy because it meets the highest pharmaceutical quality requirements. Most of the times, the CBD oil that you can buy online or at the drugstore does not contain the amount of CBD that is stated on the label. The origin of the raw materials (industrial hemp fibre) is often unclear. It is also possible that the oil is contaminated with heavy metals or pesticides. The production of this CBD oil is not controlled by the government in most countries. These oils are sold as a nutritional supplement.
Also read: Label accuracy of unregulated cannabidiol (CBD) products: measured concentration vs. label claim
Medicinal cannabis oil is oil made of pharmaceutical quality standardised medicinal cannabis. Medicinal cannabis oil is made using the products Bedrocan®, Bediol®, Bedrolite® and Bedica®.
This oil may contain THC, depending on which materials have been used. These oils are produced in a pharmaceutical setting. The active substances are listed on the packaging. This is the only controlled cannabis oil.
There are four pharmacies in the Netherlands that can supply medicinal CBD oil or cannabis oil. That is the Transvaal pharmacy in The Hague, MYCB1 in Amsterdam, Clinical Cannabis Care in Breukelen and the Verenigde Apotheken Limburg (United Pharmacies Limburg). The cannabis oil is only available on prescription. Clinical Cannabis Care also provides CBD oil without a prescription. All Dutch pharmacies can supply dried cannabis buds. There are five types. These are supplied in 5 gram jars, in floss or granulate form.